|HMRC Reference:Notice 160 (November 2011)||View Change History|
This notice cancels and replaces Notice 160 (September 2011).
We make checks into tax matters for a number of different reasons. This notice deals only with cases where we have reason to believe dishonest conduct or deliberate behaviour has occurred. Our practice in relation to other enquiries is set out in a series of factsheets. These are available on our website, go to hmrc.gov.uk This notice covers all indirect taxes other than Stamp Duties, Customs Duties and Import VAT.
This Notice explains what happens during a check into Indirect Tax matters if we suspect conduct involving dishonesty or deliberate behaviour.
If we identify irregularities due to conduct involving dishonesty, a civil evasion penalty will normally be applied. If we identify irregularities due to deliberate behaviour we will normally apply a deliberate penalty or a deliberate and concealed penalty.
We will normally ask you and your professional adviser, if you have one, to attend a meeting with us. Please tell us in advance if you need an interpreter or have any special needs so that we can take these into account when we prepare for the meeting.
We will tell you:
You will have an opportunity to disclose any irregularities or matters in relation to your tax affairs.
We make notes of all meetings and can give copies of the notes to you or your adviser if you ask for them.
If you wish to disclose irregularities or matters in relation to your tax affairs in areas that are not the subject of our check we may not be able to deal with these as part of the check. However we will consider any disclosures that you make, or additional matters that we may uncover during the check, to determine how they should be treated. Any irregularities outside of the matters being checked may be investigated with a view to prosecution if appropriate.
We expect you to be truthful, to tell us all relevant facts and to cooperate fully in putting your tax affairs in order. If you are unsure whether particular facts are relevant, you should tell us anyway.
It may be necessary to make further checks. If this happens, we will explain to you the compliance checks process and the steps that need to be taken to establish the relevant facts. It may be necessary to use our statutory information powers, including contacting third parties.
We will invite you to make payments on account towards any tax arrears, both at the initial meeting and throughout the check. This will reduce any interest charges.
If, as a result of the check, we believe that the tax arrears are due to conduct involving dishonesty or deliberate behaviour on your part we will consider whether you should pay a penalty.
The extent to which you cooperate with us and provide us with information is entirely a matter for you. In making your decision, you may wish to get help from a professional adviser. If you do, your adviser can accompany you to all meetings held with us. He or she may correspond with us on your behalf.
We would welcome your cooperation with the check and in establishing the correct amount of tax due. Such cooperation can significantly reduce the amount of any penalties due.
Please also read factsheet CC/FS9 - Compliance Checks - Human Rights Act which tells you about your rights under the European Convention on Human Rights when we are considering penalties. CC/FS9 can be found on the HMRC website at www.hmrc.gov.uk/compliance/factsheets.htm.
The penalty is calculated as a percentage of the tax loss. If there was a potential tax loss the penalty is a percentage of the potential loss.
Which penalty applies depends upon the date the irregularity occurred.
For VAT irregularities involving dishonest conduct that relates to returns or documents due to be sent to us before 1 April 2009 irrespective of the date the accounting period commences, or if the accounting period commences before 1 April 2008 irrespective of the date the return is due to be sent to us, a civil evasion penalty will normally be applied.
For Indirect Tax irregularities other than VAT due to conduct involving dishonesty, that relates to returns or documents due to be sent to us before 1 April 2010 irrespective of the date the accounting period commences, or if the accounting period commences before 1 April 2009 irrespective of the date the return is due to be sent to us, a civil evasion penalty will normally be applied.
A civil evasion penalty starts at 100% of the tax evaded.
If the irregularity occurs outside these dates, penalties other than a civil evasion penalty may apply. For instance VAT inaccuracies or failures to notify HMRC of an under assessment of VAT, where the accounting period commences on or after 1 April 2008 and the return is due on or after 1 April 2009, will be subject to a penalty for inaccuracy. Indirect Tax inaccuracies or failures to notify an under assessment for Indirect Tax other than VAT, where the accounting period commences on or after 1 April 2009 and where a return is due on or after 1 April 2010, would be subject to a penalty for inaccuracy.
If HMRC have not been notified at the correct time about certain changes that arise on or after 1 April 2010 which may affect your liability to tax, including a failure to notify liability to be registered for tax, a penalty for failure to notify may apply.
A VAT & Excise wrongdoing penalty may apply for certain VAT (unauthorised issue of an invoice showing VAT) and Excise wrongdoings which take place on or after 1 April 2010. Definitions of what constitutes a VAT or Excise wrongdoing can be found on our website, www.hmrc.gov.uk/compliance/cc-fs12.pdf.
Further information about these penalties can be found in facts CC/FS7 (Penalties for errors in returns and documents), CC/FS11 (Penalties for failure to notify), CC/FS12 (Penalties for Vat and Excise Wrongdoings), which can be found on the HMRC website, go to www.hmrc.gov.uk/compliance/factsheets.htm.
Where an irregularity is not within the provisions of the penalty for inaccuracies, the failure to notify penalty of the VAT and Excise Wrongdoings penalty, a civil evasion penalty may still apply.
It is for you decide whether or not to cooperate with our check, but if you do you should be truthful as making a statement to us you know to be false, you could face prosecution.
If you choose to cooperate and disclose details of your true liability then you can significantly reduce the amount of any penalties due.
You should tell us about anything you think is relevant when we are working out the level of the penalty. At the end of the check we will take into account the extent of your cooperation.
The maximum penalty of 100% tax evaded will normally be reduced as follows:
In most cases, therefore, the maximum reduction obtainable will be 80% of the tax on which penalties are chargeable. In exceptional circumstances however, consideration will be given to a further reduction, for example, where you have made a full and unprompted voluntary disclosure.
Having considered all the facts and evidence gathered during the course of the check we will make a decision on whether or not any penalties are due and, if so, how much they will be. The penalty assessment will be in addition to any tax that may also be due.
If you agree the amounts of assessment and penalty to be paid, but cannot pay the full amounts straight away, it may be possible to arrange payment by instalments. You will need to contact our Debt Management and Banking section. We will give you the address.
If you disagree with our decision to charge you a penalty or the amount of the penalty we have charged, you can:
If you opt to have your case reviewed you will still be able to appeal to the tribunal if you disagree with the outcome.
If you want a review you should write to us within 30 days of the date the penalty notice was sent to you, giving reasons why you disagree with our decision. You do not have to write to us yourself. An accountant or adviser can do this on your behalf.
You can find further information about appeals and reviews on our website, go to www.hmrc.gov.uk/dealingwith/appeals.htm or you can phone the helpline on 0300 200 3700. You can find out more about tribunals on the Tribunals Service website, go to www.tribunalservice.gov.uk or you can phone on 0845 223 8080.
We will always be courteous, fair and professional. If you or your professional adviser writes to us we will aim to respond to the questions or issues you raise within our published service standards. This includes matters such as your legal rights and obligations under the law.
We will undertake any further enquiries promptly and keep you informed as to what we expect from you.
You have to pay for any costs that you incur in dealing with our check, including the fees of an accountant or other professional adviser. We know that dealing with our checks can cost you time and money, so we will make sure that our checks are reasonable and necessary to your case. We will close our checks as soon as we are satisfied that your tax affairs in relation to the matters under investigation are in order or settled.
All Indirect Tax declarations, statements, disclosures, tax returns or claims etc, are referred to as "returns".
VAT, all Customs Duties and Excise Duties including those applicable to Alcohol, Tobacco, Gambling and Oils, Air Passenger Duty, Insurance Premium Tax, Landfill Tax, Climate Change Levy and Aggregates Levy, and any other Indirect Taxes matters for which responsibility is laid to HMRC.
A legal method of establishing a debt due to the Crown by a trader who has made an error, an understatement or an over claim of tax.
Your Charter explains what you can expect from us and what we can expect from you. For more information go to www.hmrc.gov.uk/charter.
If you have any comments or suggestions to make about this notice, please write to:
HM Revenue & Customs
Criminal and Enforcement Policy
4th Floor, 100 Parliament Street
Please note this address is not for general enquiries.
For your general enquiries please phone our Helpline 0300 200 3700.
If you are not satisfied with our service, please let the person dealing with your affairs know what is wrong. We will work as quickly as possible to put things right and settle your complaint. If you are still unhappy, ask for your complaint to be referred to the Complaints Manager.
For more information about our complaints procedures go to hmrc.gov.uk and under quick links select Complaints.
HM Revenue & Customs is a Data Controller under the Data Protection Act 1998. We hold information for the purposes specified in our notification to the Information Commissioner, including the assessment and collection of tax and duties, the payment of benefits and the prevention and detection of crime, and may use this information for any of them.
We may get information about you from others, or we may give information to them. If we do, it will only be as the law permits to:
We may check information we receive about you with what is already in our records. This can include information provided by you, as well as by others, such as other government departments or agencies and overseas tax and customs authorities. We will not give information to anyone outside HM Revenue & Customs unless the law permits us to do so. For more information go to hmrc.gov.uk and look for Data Protection Act within the Search facility.
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